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尼科巴弓背蚁 Camponotus nicobarensis Mayr,1865
 
以下关于尼科巴弓背蚁的生物分类地位,尽可能遵照最新的分类系统构建,并以物种网数据库中的关联顺序排列展开。但是,不同学者往往在分类问题上存在意见分歧,本系统立足本站观点,结果仅供参考。

└·生物分类系统(Biota By Systema Naturae)
 └·真核生物域(Eukaryota)
  └·动物界(Animalia)
   └·两侧对称动物亚界(Bilateria)
    └·原口动物支(Protostomia)
     └·蜕皮动物次亚界(Ecdysozoa)
      └·裂足动物超门(Panarthropoda)
       └·节肢动物门(Arthropoda)
        └·六足动物亚门(Hexapoda)
         └·昆虫纲(Insecta)
          └·膜翅目(Hymenoptera)
           └·细腰亚目(Apocrita)
            └·胡蜂总科(Vespoidea)
             └·蚁科(Formicidae)
              └·蚁亚科(Formicinae)
               └·弓背蚁属(Camponotus)
                └·尼科巴弓背蚁(Camponotus nicobarensis)
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分为大中小三个工蚁类型。

图注: 前进的蚂蚁队伍,不同种类的工蚁

大型工蚁:体长7.5-8.0mm。体褐红色或红色;触角柄节暗褐色:并腹胸褐红色或暗红色;唇腹第一节背板和第二节背板的一部分,或前两节背板及第三节背板的一部分为红色或黄红色后腹其余部分暗揭色,甚至黑色、头和后腹部具丰富的直立毛,井腹胸上毛较稀疏;头部毛仅限于其中央部分、并腹胸侧面有密而较长的白色柔毛被,呈波状身体其余部分柔毛稀而短;足胫节有较多的倾斜毛。体暗.无光泽,皮革状,有非常细的刻纹,不具刻点上颚光滑。头凡呈三角形;触角柄节1/6—l/5长超出后头缘;后头缘凹入;唇基梯形,具短的中叶和高的中脊。但中脊短且不达唇基前缘上颚具6齿 、并腹胸背面为弱弓形并胸腹节背板斜面很短;略倾斜结节厚,前凸后平、后腹宽卵形。

中、小型工蚁:体长5.2-6.6mm。头窄长。自复眼起头后部变窄,后头缘凸触角柄节1/2长超出后头缘。其余似大型工蚁。

Major worker total length 7.5-8.0mm,medium and small worker 5.2-6.6mm.

图注: Diffrent size of workers,Photo by Yanming LIU

Mild and timid ants,can escape very fast when frightened.Half noctambulant ant.When in the most active season,big nests often build several campsites near food resources.

图注: hunting for food,the big winged insect is a termite
分布(Distribution)
中国海南(尖峰岭、万宁、五指山、佳西)、广东(七星坑、百涌、鼎湖山)、广西(青龙山、弄岗、木论、大瑶山、大屏山、西大明山、底定、南宁、桂林、柳州、梧州、玉林、百色、钦州、北海)、云南(西双版纳)、福建(龙岩)、河南(太康、扶沟)、台湾;越南,缅甸,印度,菲律宾,尼科巴群岛。
生物学(Biology)
这种蚂蚁攻击性弱,易受惊,受惊时会高速奔跑;有地域性,大型工蚁常在控制的地域巡逻,对外来蚁有一定的攻击性,也是领土捍卫的作用;属半-夜行性蚁种;在活动旺季,大型巢穴会分出几个小驻地,驻地通常在提供食物附近。

图注: 蚂蚁的狩猎白蚁生殖蚁,蚁网网友拍摄
中国有记录的子阶元 
 抱歉,没有记录。
中国未记录(或不确定)的 
 抱歉,没有记录。
参考文献

[1] 吴坚.王常禄.中国蚂蚁.北京:中国林业出版社.1995.

[2] 周善义.广西蚂蚁.桂林:广西师范大学出版社.2001.

[3] 徐正会.西双版纳自然保护区蚁科昆虫生物多样性研究.昆明:云南科技出版社.2002.

[4] Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Jianfengling Nature Reserve, Southwest Hainan, 1998 and 2001.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2001.3.17-18.

[5] Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Qixingkeng Nature Reserve, Southwest Guangdong, 29 April to 1 May and 24 November to 1 December,1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.4.15-15.

[6] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Yangchun Baiyong Nature Reserve, Southwest Guangdong, 3 May 1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.5.8-9.

[7] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve, Western Guangdong, 1998 and 2000.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.7.15-17.

[8] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Qinglongshan Headwater Forest Nature Reserve,Southwest Guangxi, China, 24 May 1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.8.3-4.

[9] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Nonggang National Nature Reserve,Southwest Guangxi, China, 19 to 27 May 1998.2002.10:19-21.

[10] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Mulun National Nature Reserve, North Guangxi,China, 18 to 23 July 1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.13.

[11] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Dayaoshan National Nature Reserve, East Guangxi, China, 1998 and 2001.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.18.

[12] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Dapingshan Headwater Forest Nature Reserve,East Guangxi,China,24 to 27 September 1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.19.

[13] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Xidamingshan Headwater Forest Nature Reserve,Southwest Guangxi, China, 15-17 October 1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.20.

[14] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Jianling and Shangxi Nature Reserves,Southeast Hainan, China,May 1999.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.21.

[15] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Tongtieling Forest Area and Xinglong Tropical Botanic Garden,Southeast Hainan,China,22-23 May 1999.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.22.

[16] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Diaoluoshan National Forest Park, Southeast Hainan, China, 23-28 May 1999.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.23.

[17] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Wuzhishan Nature Reserve, Central Hainan,China, 1999 and 2001.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2003.24.

[18] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Jiaxi Nature Reserve, Western Hainan,China,June 1999.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2003.25.

[19] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Diding Headwater Forest Nature Reserve, West Guangxi, China, July 1999.South China Forest diodiversity Survey Report Series.2003.26.

[20] 王玉玲.河南周口地区蚂蚁多样性调查.昆虫知识.2008.45(1):146-149.

[21] 张翔.侯有明.福建省膜翅目蚁科5新记录属以及31新记录种.福建农林大学学报(自然科学版).2009.38(5):479-484.

[22] 赵爽.贾凤龙.梁铬球.柯云玲.田伟金.广东省蚂蚁种类与分布.环境昆虫学报.2009.31(2):156-161.

[23] Terayama.A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan(Insecta,Hymenoptera).The research bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University.2009.17:81-266.

[24] 冉浩, 周善义. 2011. 中国蚁科昆虫名录——蚁型亚科群(膜翅目:蚁科)(Ⅰ). 广西师范大学(自然科学版). 29(3): 65-73.

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