<< 蚁网首页
双齿多刺蚁(台湾:黑棘蚁) Polyrhachis dives Smith,1857
 
以下关于双齿多刺蚁的生物分类地位,尽可能遵照最新的分类系统构建,并以物种网数据库中的关联顺序排列展开。但是,不同学者往往在分类问题上存在意见分歧,本系统立足本站观点,结果仅供参考。

└·生物分类系统(Biota By Systema Naturae)
 └·真核生物域(Eukaryota)
  └·动物界(Animalia)
   └·两侧对称动物亚界(Bilateria)
    └·原口动物支(Protostomia)
     └·蜕皮动物次亚界(Ecdysozoa)
      └·裂足动物超门(Panarthropoda)
       └·节肢动物门(Arthropoda)
        └·六足动物亚门(Hexapoda)
         └·昆虫纲(Insecta)
          └·膜翅目(Hymenoptera)
           └·细腰亚目(Apocrita)
            └·胡蜂总科(Vespoidea)
             └·蚁科(Formicidae)
              └·蚁亚科(Formicinae)
               └·多刺蚁属(Polyrhachis)
                └·双齿多刺蚁(Polyrhachis dives)
重要提示:由于文字撰写和图片授权付出了编辑的很大努力,所以,未经许可,本站原创和独家接受授权的那部分文字和图片是不能转载或引用的哦。相关版权协议,详情请见底部的版权声明。注意哦,只要您继续浏览本页下面的内容,即视为同意该声明。谢谢合作~
1857年首次采集于东南亚。

工蚁体长5.3-6.3mm,体黑色,有时带有褐色,并腹胸、后腹披金黄色柔毛,头部柔毛教稀疏。


图注: 工蚁侧面观,仿吴坚和王常禄,1995


雌蚁体长8.6-9.8mm,头教小,单眼。

有学者认为双齿多刺蚁为鼎突多刺蚁、拟黑多刺蚁的同名物种。

Worker total length 5.3mm-6.3mm,femal8.6mm-9.8mm.
分布(Distribution)
中国河北、山东、浙江(莫干山、丽水、百祖山)、上海、云南(西双版纳)、安徽、广东(七星坑、百涌、河尾山、鼎湖山、车八岭、广州)、广西(青龙山、弄岗、木论、九万山、花坪、青狮潭、大瑶山、岑王老山、十万大山、南宁、桂林、柳州、梧州、玉林、百色、钦州、北海)、福建(厦门、福州、鼓岭)、湖南、湖北(英山、赤壁)、海南(尖峰岭、嘉积)、贵州、台湾、香港(九龙)、澳门、台湾(Abato、高雄、大林、安平、Akau)、江西、未定地名(Kushan Mt。、Black Liang、Peta、Ausu);缅甸,斯里兰卡,越南,泰国,柬埔寨,菲律宾,新加坡,马六甲,老挝,马来西亚,日本,澳大利亚,巴布亚新几内亚。
生物学(Biology)
每巢个体几千至几万,每年10月到第二年4月产生有性雌蚁。双齿多刺蚁可捕食多种森林害虫,也取食蚜虫蜜露。


图注: 双齿多刺蚁的工蚁,青鸟拍摄。


图注: 工蚁


图注: 工蚁
中国有记录的子阶元 
 抱歉,没有记录。
中国未记录(或不确定)的 
 抱歉,没有记录。
参考文献

[1] William L. Brown.Ants collected by professor F. Silvestri in Formosa, the Malay Peninsula and the Philippines.Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della R. Scuola Superiore d'Agricultura. 1929.24:27-64.

[2] Wheeler.A list of the known Chinese ants. Peking:Natural History Bulletin.1930-1931.5(1).53-81.

[3] C.A.Collingwood.Some Ants(Hym. Formicidae) from north-east Asia.Entomol.Ts.Arg.1962.83(2):215-230.

[4] 周梁镒.寺山守.台湾昆虫名录——膜翅目: 细腰亚目: 蚁科. 中华昆虫.1991.11(1):75-84.

[5] 唐觉.李参.中国经济昆虫志第47册膜翅目蚁科(一).北京:科学出版社.1995.

[6] 吴坚.王常禄.中国蚂蚁.北京:中国林业出版社.1995.

[7] 周善义.广西蚂蚁.桂林:广西师范大学出版社.2001.

[8] 徐正会.西双版纳自然保护区蚁科昆虫生物多样性研究.昆明:云南科技出版社.2002.

[9] Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Jianfengling Nature Reserve, Southwest Hainan, 1998 and 2001.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2001.3.17-18.

[10] Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Qixingkeng Nature Reserve, Southwest Guangdong, 29 April to 1 May and 24 November to 1 December,1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.4.15-15.

[11] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Qingshitan Headwater Forest Nature Reserve, Northeast Guangxi,China,25 to 26 August 1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.17.

[12] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve, Western Guangdong, 1998 and 2000.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.7.15-17.

[13] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Yangchun Baiyong Nature Reserve, Southwest Guangdong, 3 May 1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.5.8-9.

[14] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Heweishan Forest Farm, Southwest Guangdong, 4 to 5 May 1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.6.9-9.

[15] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Qinglongshan Headwater Forest Nature Reserve,Southwest Guangxi, China, 24 May 1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.8.3-4.

[16] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Nonggang National Nature Reserve,Southwest Guangxi, China, 19 to 27 May 1998.2002.10:19-21.

[17] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Mulun National Nature Reserve, North Guangxi,China, 18 to 23 July 1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.13.

[18] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Jiuwanshan Headwater Forest Nature Reserve, North Guangxi, China, 24 to 27 July 1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.14.

[19] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Huaping National Nature Reserve, Northeast Guangxi, China, 15 to 20 August 1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.15.

[20] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Dayaoshan National Nature Reserve, East Guangxi, China, 1998 and 2001.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.18.

[21] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Cenwanglaoshan Nature Reserve, Northwest Guangxi, China, 1999 and 2002.South China Forest diodiversity Survey Report Series.2003.27.

[22] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Chebaling National Nature Reserve, Northeast Guangdong, China, 1999, 2000 and 2001.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2003.32.

[23] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Shiwandashan National Nature Reserve and National Forest Park, Southwest Guangxi,China,2000 and 2001.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2003.35.

[24] 林宗岐.吴文哲.台湾蚂蚁相(膜翅目:蚁科),并附亚科与属检索表.台湾博物馆年刊.2003.46:5-69.

[25] 陈汉林.程荣亮.浙江省丽水区膜翅目昆虫记述.江西植保.2006.29(1):3-19.

[26] 赵爽.贾凤龙.梁铬球.柯云玲.田伟金.广东省蚂蚁种类与分布.环境昆虫学报.2009.31(2):156-161.

[27] Terayama.A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan(Insecta,Hymenoptera).The research bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University.2009.17:81-266.

[28] 王维.沈作奎.赵玉宏.湖北省蚁科昆虫分类研究.北京:中国地质大学出版社.2009.

[29] 冉浩, 周善义. 2013. 中国蚁科昆虫名录——蚁型亚科群(膜翅目:蚁科)(Ⅲ). 广西师范大学(自然科学版). 31(1): 104-111.

版权声明(Copyrights):本站内容版权不开放。本站对所有本站原创的内容或图片具有完全著作权及版权,对单独授权本站使用之文字、图片等内容亦有维护原作者权益之责任,以上内容未经许可,严禁下载、线下保存、转载或部分转载。如遇侵权,本站有权追责。追责按照文字按照国内新媒体通行标准¥1/字符作为基础计价,图片按照国际图库通行中图价格$150/幅作为基础计价,索赔计价为索赔时间减去盗版起始时间,每年溢价50%,不足一年的按一年计算(即若为3年前盗版,即为索赔基数乘以2.5)。此外,侵权人需承担诉讼费等全部维权费用。本站内容尤其严禁转载、编辑至百科类网站,针对此种侵权,本站直接向行为人索赔。并且,本站有在不对侵权人/机构通知的情况下直接通过但不限于网站、微博等媒体对其包括但不限于实名、机构名等信息进行曝光之权利。

本站除原创内容外还有部分内容来自开放版权内容和对已公开发表的文献的引用、整理,所引用的开放版相关图片、文字已对作者和来源进行了标注说明;已发表学术文献已于结尾按照论文惯例标注参考文献。
  << 蚁网首页