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警觉多刺蚁(台湾:城堡棘蚁) Polyrhachis vigilans F. Smith,1858
 
以下关于警觉多刺蚁的生物分类地位,尽可能遵照最新的分类系统构建,并以物种网数据库中的关联顺序排列展开。但是,不同学者往往在分类问题上存在意见分歧,本系统立足本站观点,结果仅供参考。

└·生物分类系统(Biota By Systema Naturae)
 └·真核生物域(Eukaryota)
  └·动物界(Animalia)
   └·两侧对称动物亚界(Bilateria)
    └·原口动物支(Protostomia)
     └·蜕皮动物次亚界(Ecdysozoa)
      └·裂足动物超门(Panarthropoda)
       └·节肢动物门(Arthropoda)
        └·六足动物亚门(Hexapoda)
         └·昆虫纲(Insecta)
          └·膜翅目(Hymenoptera)
           └·细腰亚目(Apocrita)
            └·胡蜂总科(Vespoidea)
             └·蚁科(Formicidae)
              └·蚁亚科(Formicinae)
               └·多刺蚁属(Polyrhachis)
                └·警觉多刺蚁(Polyrhachis vigilans)
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原城堡多刺蚁(Polyrhachis pyrgops)确定为 Polyrhachis vigilans 的次异名,已撤销。

“pyrgops”这个词是“塔形的眼睛”的意思,“城堡多刺蚁”其实应该被译为“塔眼多刺蚁”。

有文献将 Polyrhachis vigilans 译为“大眼多刺蚁”,大概就是沿用了对“pyrgops”这个词的翻译,只是将“塔眼”改为了“大眼”。

事实上,“vigilans”是“看守,警觉”的意思,沿用“大眼”这个翻译显然是不合适的。

故而现将此蚁种重译为“警觉多刺蚁”。
分布(Distribution)
中国香港、海南(昌江、吊罗山、五指山)、广东(鼎湖山、车八岭)、广西(木论、九万山、花坪、猫儿山、青狮潭、大瑶山、底定)、浙江(莫干山、宁波附近的Ziang-san)、福建、湖北(来凤、宣恩、鹤峰、利川、建始、咸丰、五峰、长阳、武当山、竹溪、郧县、随州、罗田、英山、通山、崇阳、新洲、监利)、未定(Lou-Bou、Tchen-Kiai);越南。
中国有记录的子阶元 
 抱歉,没有记录。
中国未记录(或不确定)的 
 抱歉,没有记录。
参考文献

[1] Wheeler.A list of the known Chinese ants. Peking:Natural History Bulletin.1930-1931.5(1).53-81.

[2] Frederick Smith.List of the specimens of British animals in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Hymenoptera, Aculeata.London.1858.

[3] Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Bawangling National Nature Reserve and Wangxia Limestone Forest, Western Hainan,3 to 8 April 1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2001.2.18-19.

[4] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve, Western Guangdong, 1998 and 2000.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.7.15-17.

[5] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Mulun National Nature Reserve, North Guangxi,China, 18 to 23 July 1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.13.

[6] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Jiuwanshan Headwater Forest Nature Reserve, North Guangxi, China, 24 to 27 July 1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.14.

[7] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Huaping National Nature Reserve, Northeast Guangxi, China, 15 to 20 August 1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.15.

[8] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Maoershan Nature Reserve,Northeast Guangxi,China,1998 and 2001.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.16.

[9] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Qingshitan Headwater Forest Nature Reserve, Northeast Guangxi,China,25 to 26 August 1998.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.17.

[10] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Dayaoshan National Nature Reserve, East Guangxi, China, 1998 and 2001.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.18.

[11] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Diaoluoshan National Forest Park, Southeast Hainan, China, 23-28 May 1999.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2002.23.

[12] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Wuzhishan Nature Reserve, Central Hainan,China, 1999 and 2001.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2003.24.

[13] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of a Rapid Biodiversity Assessment at Diding Headwater Forest Nature Reserve, West Guangxi, China, July 1999.South China Forest diodiversity Survey Report Series.2003.26.

[14] Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden.Report of Rapid Biodiversity Assessments at Chebaling National Nature Reserve, Northeast Guangdong, China, 1999, 2000 and 2001.South China Forest Biodiversity Survey Report Series.2003.32.

[15] 周梁镒.寺山守.台湾昆虫名录——膜翅目: 细腰亚目: 蚁科. 中华昆虫.1991.11(1):75-84.

[16] 林宗岐.吴文哲.台湾蚂蚁相(膜翅目:蚁科),并附亚科与属检索表.台湾博物馆年刊.2003.46:5-69.

[17] Terayama.A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan(Insecta,Hymenoptera).The research bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University.2009.17:81-266.

[18] 冉浩, 周善义. 2013. 中国蚁科昆虫名录——蚁型亚科群(膜翅目:蚁科)(Ⅲ). 广西师范大学(自然科学版). 31(1): 104-111.

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